The Dutch Cemetery in Chinsurah: A Digital Archive of Memories

Arnold Nesbit Mathews

Last Name: 
Mathews
First Name: 
Arnold Nesbit
Spatial: 
Post-nominal titles: 
Major
date of birth: 
16.02.1765
year of death: 
1820
date of death: 
05.10.1820
Nationality: 
Irish
Age at death: 
54 years
Gender: 
Male
Relationships: 
Son of Francis Mathews(First Earl of Llandaff) and Elisha Smyth(second daughter of James Smyth,M.P. for County Antrim) who got married on 06.09.1764 at the house of Mr. Preston. Arnold Nesbit Mathews had three brothers Francis James Mathews,Montague Mathews and George Mathews. On 20.11.1806 he married an Italian lady,the Contessa Eliza Francesca (elder daughter of Dornenico Povoleri di Nagarole, a Marquis of the Papal State and his wife Contessa Pivone de Vicenza) at Fatehgarh. Their son Arnold Henry Ochterlony was born on 17.09.1807. Arnold Nesbit Mathews may also have married an Indian woman and they gave birth to a girl, Harriett Mathews who possibly married Thomas Stevenson Tweedie. His son Arnold Henry Ochterlony Mathews was born in 17.09.1807 and baptised at St. Pancras,London on 21.06.1808. In London he married Emma Weelands on 06.05.1854.They had two daughters both born in Fatehgarh; Lucy Emma in 1855 and Jessie Eliza Marion in 1857. Arnold Harris Mathews was Arnold Henry Ochterlony's son born by his second marriage.
Full Epitaph: 
Sacred to the Memory of; Major Arnold Nesbit Mathews; Of the Honorable Company's Bengal Artillery;who departed this life on the 5th of October,1820;aged about 54.
Place of birth / origin: 
Paris,France
Place of death: 
Chandernagore
Cause of death: 
Cholera
Detailed information: 

"Arnold Nesbit Mathews was born on 16.02.1765 after his parents got married on 06.09.1764. Owing to birth occuring ante-tempus,the incident was hushed up as much as possible and he was sent to the home of his father's uncle Mr. Joseph Mathews,Solicitor at Cromhall,Falfield,Gloucestershire,where he was brought up. He went to Sedbergh School. In 1782,he joined the Bengal Army as a cadet and on 1783 sailed on Lord McCartney to India.On arriving he took part in the 2nd Mysore war as an Artillery fireworker in 1789. In 1790 was transferred to the Artillery,fought in the 3rd Mysore war,was a lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion. In 1793 he lay siege to Pondicherry. At Jumna doab he fought in the 2nd Maratha war.At the Battle of Delhi he was severly wounded and lost a leg.He was appointed the fort adjutant at Agra in 1804,and at Fatehgarh in 1804 until 1815 and at last was appointed as Major in May 1817. Lord Landaff died at Swansea on July 31st,1806. In absence of Arnold Nesbit Mathews who was serving in India,adminstration was granted to his brother Francis James Mathews who at once assumed the title as the second Earl of Landaff and entered into possession of the estates.Four years later,he appeared before the Committee of Privileges,and could not produced any documentary proof for his alleged right to vote as the second Earl.A farm bailiff named Richard Cormac ,who had been in Lord Landaff's employ from the year 1785,swore in 1810 that Francis James was the eldest surviving son of the first Earl.A year after this Francis James, well known for his disreputable character disentailed the ancient Welsh and Irish estate of his family and in 1813 sold all the property in Wales in order to provide himself with funds for liquedation of his enormous gambling debts at the Cherooke Club and elsewhere, and died in his home in Dublin,March 12th,1833. After his father's death in 1806 Arnold Nesbit Mathews was the rightful second Earl of Landaff but he refused to hold any communication with his parents and never returned to Europe. However according to Yaqub Zaki, Deputy Director of The Muslim Institute Arnold Nesbit was a Muslim and ""reluctant to abandon the fleshpots of Calcutta for the inferior ones of London"", and so ""refused to return"" and left his ""younger brother" " to assume the title".

Any reason for importance: 
He was rightfully the second Earl of Landaff
Photo 2 close up: 
This record has been created by:: 

Anish Mitra

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